His uncle was killed there in during an argument with the Matlock brothers.
Forrest is also one of the most controversial figures from the Civil War era. His command was responsible for the massacre of African American Union troops stationed at Fort PillowTennessee, in Apriland he served as the first grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan in the early years of Reconstruction.
Early life Forrest was born into a poor family and spent his formative years in rural Tennessee and Mississippi. His hardscrabble background contributed to the development of an aggressive and sometimes violent disposition.
Despite his nearly nonexistent formal education, he was able to secure a measure of financial stability for his family, and, when his mother remarried, he embarked on his own ventures.
In Forrest married Mary Ann Montgomery. The two would have two children, only one of whom would survive to adulthood. Forrest eventually became a millionaire, having made a fortune trading livestock, brokering real estate, planting cottonand especially selling slaves.
By the outbreak of the Civil War, he was one of the richest men in Tennessee, if not all of the South. Having been promoted to colonel, Forrest fought with distinction at the Battle of Shiloh April 6—7,during the retreat from which he received the first of his multiple wartime wounds.
After leading a new command to a dramatic victory over Union forces at Mufreesboro, Tennessee, in July, Forrest was promoted to brigadier general.
After his promotion Forrest began acting as a semi-independent cavalry commander. In May Forrest foiled Union Col. Following the battle Gen. Jefferson Davis promoted him to major general.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. B Forrest was tasked with raising, equipping, and training a new cavalry command to, again, operate semi-independently.
With his fresh—if relatively untried—division, Forrest resumed his raids against Union forces. The battle that ensued was characterized by close-quarters combat, chaosand the almost total breakdown of command and control. During the battle and subsequent massacre, between and Union troops—most of whom were black—were killed.
Although it was conducted by two Republicans one of whom was a leading Radical Republican and had clear propagandistic purposes, a congressional investigation committee verified the slaughter.
Wood engraving depicting the Fort Pillow Massacre. After these expeditions, he rejoined the main Confederate Army of Tennessee—now commanded by John Bell Hood —in November to take part in its last major action, the Franklin-Nashville campaign September 18—December 27, This campaign was a disaster for the Confederacy, and following the Battle of Nashville December 15—16Forrest fought a stubborn rearguard action to cover the retreat of the broken army.
Nevertheless, he found himself in command of fewer men, who were equipped with inferior horses and poorly supplied. His final task of the war was to prevent the incursion of Brig. He surrendered his entire command in May.
He had exhausted his fortune during the war, and with the abolition of slavery he lost one of his most valuable avenues for making money. After serving as the president of the Selma, Marion and Memphis Railroad, he settled on managing a plantation manned by convict labour.
The KKK embarked upon a campaign of intimidation and violence against Southern blacks and Republicans until Forrest ordered the organization disbanded in Nevertheless, local chapters of the KKK continued to be active, and Forrest was ordered to appear before a congressional hearing in In his sometimes contradictory testimony, he denied membership in the organization.
Unsurprisingly, given his culpability in the Fort Pillow Massacre and the formation of the KKK, Forrest and his image have come under attack by many sectors, especially from African Americans.
On the other hand, many white Southerners continue to admire Forrest for his wartime record, common-man origins, and masculine bearing. In recent decades Forrest has come to rival the less-controversial Robert E.
Consequently, debates have emerged wherever Forrest has been commemorated.The Legacy of Forts Henry and Donelson. Nathan Bedford Forrest. The Meaning of Forts Henry and Donelson. The Battle of Dover - February 3, Nathan Bedford Forrest.
Escaping with some 1, of his own men as well as others from the doomed garrison on the Cumberland, Forrest first made his way to Nashville, where he helped restore order.
Forrest was the moral equivalent of Adolph Hitler - and as for the comment below, the United States is no more "great" than any other nation on earth -- including the many Native American nations who were wiped out by -- people like Nathan Bedford Forrest.
Nathan Bedford Forrest () Nathan Bedford Forrest (July 13, October 29, ), was a Confederate general and perhaps the American Civil War's most highly regarded cavalry and partisan ranger (guerilla leader). Beginning in December, and well into , Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry harassed General Ulysses S.
Grant’s forces Born: Jul 13, Emma Sansom Emma Sansom () is remembered in Alabama as a heroine for aiding Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest during Union colonel Abel D. Streight's raid through northern Alabama.
Fort Pillow Massacre, Confederate slaughter of African American Federal troops stationed at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, on April 12, , during the American Civil War. The action stemmed from Southern outrage at the North’s use of black soldiers. Nathan Bedford Forrest's Contributions and Legacy. Topics: Battle of Fort Sun Tzu had 13 principles, but Nathan Bedford Forrest's advice was the utmost of simplicity, "Git thar firstest with the mostest men."2 As we look at the challenge facing our nation's military today, our leaders would do well to look at Forrest's. Nathan Bedford Forrest III (April 6, – June 13, ) was a brigadier general of the United States Army Air Forces, and a great-grandson of Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest. He was killed in action in Germany during World War II.
Sansom's assistance led to Forrest's capture of Streight and his large Union raiding party near Cedar Bluff in the spring of Aug 18, · A statue of Confederate Lt. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest at Health Sciences Park in Memphis, kaja-net.comCreditAndrea Morales for The New York Times As a son of the South, I’m glad to see folks.