Illustrated History of the Roman Empire This website offers a comprehensive history of the Roman Empire through essays, chronologies, photo galleries, maps, lists, timelines, and more. Among the photo galleries is a picture album of historic Roman sites as well as views of Rome as it looked in the 4th century AD. There are also lists of Roman battles, emperors, Roman place names, and other topics.
During the years of the Roman Republic, women had no political rights. They were not allowed to vote, directly address the Senate, nor mill about in the forum.
Respectable women who spent time in public places were frowned upon.
Nonetheless, there were times when women used the power of public protest to get what they wanted. One was the demonstration of women against the Oppian Law. Another ws Hortensia's speech to the forum. Because of the wars with Carthage, many men had died.
Their wives and daughters had inherited their lands and monies, allowing many women to become quite rich. The state, in order to help pay for the cost of the wars, decided to tap into women's wealth by passing the Oppian Law. It limited the amount of gold women could possess and required that all the funds of wards, single women, and widows be deposited with the state.
Women also were forbidden to wear dresses with purple trim the color of mourning and a grim reminder of Rome's losses. Nor could they ride in carriages within Rome or in towns near Rome.
Roman women obeyed these restriction with little fuss. Yet, at the end of the successful Second Punic War in B. Women in Rome, however, continued to be denied these luxuries because of the Oppian Law.
With the end of the wars, upper class women chafted at these continuing restrictions and now wished to keep their inherited money for their own use.
Women throughout Rome kept an eye on these proceedings. When it seemed that the majority of Tribunal was about to veto the proposed repeal, they poured into the streets in protest. It was the first time anything by women on a scale such as this was seen in Rome.
As a result of the women's protest, the tribunes withdrew their veto and approved the repeal. Livy, a Roman historian, described the women's demonstrations and a portion of the debate between Consul Cato and Tribune Lucius Valerius in the Tribunal. As the men came down to the Forum, the matrons besought them to let them, too, have back the luxuries they had enjoyed before, giving as their reason that the republic was thriving and that everyone's private wealth was increasing with every day.
This crowd of women was growing daily, for now they were even gathering from the towns and villages. Before long they dared go up and solicit consuls, praetors, and other magistrates. When the speeches for and against the law had been made, a considerably larger crowd of women poured forth in public the next day; as a single body they besieged the doors of the tribunes, who were vetoing their colleagues' motion, and they did not stop until the tribunes took back their veto.
After that there was no doubt that all the tribes would repeal the law. Indeed, I blushed when, a short while ago, I walked through the midst of a band of women. I should have said, 'What kind of behavior is this? Running around in public, blocking streets, and speaking to other women's husbands!
Could you not have asked our own husbands the same thing at home? Are you more charming in public with others' husbands than at home with your own? And yet, it is not fitting even at home for you to concern yourselves with what laws are passed or repealed here.Impact of Greek and Roman Civilization.
Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Much of ancient Rome culture got inspiration from ancient Greece (Mahaffy, ). RELIGION IN GREEK AND ROMAN CIVILIZATION. Greeks and Roman are intellectual communities that believed in religion.
Greeks believed that religion was important because it made . - When comparing Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, anyone can see that there are many differences including geography, art and architecture, and religion.
There was also a big difference in the division of social classes of both Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Ancient Egyptian Sculptors.
Despite the innovation and ingenuity of Egyptian sculptors, stone masons and carvers who established Egyptian Sculpture as early as the late 2nd Dynasty of the Ancient Kingdom of Egypt, they and their eastern Mediterranean .
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The term is sometimes used to refer only to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire. Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, Vol.
2: Ancient Greece and Rome (Witchcraft and Magic in Europe) [Bengt Ankarloo, Stuart Clark] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Selected by Choice magazine as an Outstanding Academic Book for The roots of European witchcraft and magic lie in Hebrew and other ancient Near Eastern cultures and in the Celtic.
A history of Ancient Greece (Greeks) from the Dorians to Alexander including their cities, Philosophy, Government, Contributions, rise and decline.